Dating square cut nails
A finger tang can be found on many quality scissors (including inexpensive ones) and especially on scissors for cutting hair (see hair scissors pictured below).In hair cutting, some claim the ring finger is inserted where some place their index finger, and the little finger rests on the finger tang.Scissors cut material by applying at the cutting location a local shear stress which exceeds the material's shear strength.Some scissors have an appendage, called a finger brace or finger tang, below the index finger hole for the middle finger to rest on to provide for better control and more power in precision cutting.The word shears is used to describe similar instruments that are larger in size and for heavier cutting.The earliest known scissors appeared in Mesopotamia 3,000 to 4,000 years ago.During the 19th century, scissors were hand-forged with elaborately decorated handles.They were made by hammering steel on indented surfaces known as 'bosses' to form the blades.
Using the incorrect scissors to cut hair will result in increased damage or split ends, or both, by breaking the hair.
Kitchen shears, also known as kitchen scissors, are intended for cutting and trimming foods such as meats.
Modern scissors are often designed ergonomically with composite thermoplastic and rubber handles which enable the user to exert either a power grip or a precision grip.
The Hangzhou Zhang Xiaoquan Company in Hangzhou, China, has been manufacturing scissors since 1663.
The company is still manufacturing scissors today, and is the oldest company in the West to do so.
A pair of scissors consists of a pair of metal blades pivoted so that the sharpened edges slide against each other when the handles (bows) opposite to the pivot are closed.